In General Conference two weeks ago, Elder Neil L. Andersen of the Twelve made this observation:
|Elder Neil L. Andersen, April 2018 General Conference|
The basic premise of M2C is that the prophets and apostles who have taught that Cumorah is in New York were merely expressing their "personal opinions" and were wrong.
The M2C intellectuals at BYU, CES, and the Church History and Correlation Departments not only put question marks after the teachings of the prophets and apostles, but they try to censor their words entirely. That's also what the M2C citation cartel** does.
Apply the question mark vs exclamation point test to everything you read about Book of Mormon geography. Recall that the prophets have consistently taught two things:
1. There is one hill Cumorah and it is in New York!
2. We don't know for sure where the rest of the events took place!
It is up to each of us as individuals to determine for ourselves how best to apply these teachings.
In my view, the first question anyone should ask when assessing someone's idea of Book of Mormon geography is whether it puts Cumorah in New York or someplace else. Any geography that puts Cumorah someplace else is also putting a question mark after the teachings of the prophets.
Readers of this blog know that I think Moroni's America sets out the most plausible geography, based on the text, the teachings of the prophets, and relevant geology, geography, anthropology, and archaeology. But I'm fine with any proposed geography that puts an exclamation point after the teachings of the prophets.
Here are some examples. Do you put an exclamation point after the teachings of the prophets, or do you put a question mark the way BYU, CES, the Church History and Correlation Departments, and the M2C citation cartel do?
! Letter VII:
At about one mile west [of the Hill Cumorah in New York] rises another ridge of less height, running parallel with the former, leaving a beautiful vale between. The soil is of the first quality for the country, and under a state of cultivation, which gives a prospect at once imposing, when one reflects on the fact, that here, between these hills, the entire power and national strength of both the Jaredites and Nephites were destroyed.
? BYU Fantasy map:
Book of Mormon classes at BYU, which every incoming student must take, teach the students that the prophets were wrong about the Hill Cumorah in New York.
Instead, students learn Book of Mormon geography by using this fantasy map. BYU professors teach students that the M2C intellectuals know more than the prophets about where Cumorah is.
Many BYU professors go beyond this fantasy map and actively teach M2C.
! President Marion G. Romney, General Conference, October 1975
In the western part of the state of New York near Palmyra is a prominent hill known as the “hill Cumorah.” (Morm. 6:6.) On July twenty-fifth of this year, as I stood on the crest of that hill admiring with awe the breathtaking panorama which stretched out before me on every hand, my mind reverted to the events which occurred in that vicinity some twenty-five centuries ago—events which brought to an end the great Jaredite nation....
This second civilization to which I refer, the Nephites, flourished in America between 600 B.C. and A.D. 400. Their civilization came to an end for the same reason, at the same place, and in the same manner as did the Jaredites’...
Now my beloved brethren and sisters everywhere, both members of the Church and nonmembers, I bear you my personal witness that I know that the things I have presented to you today are true—both those pertaining to past events and those pertaining to events yet to come.
? CES fantasy map
Students in Seminary and Institute are taught that the prophets were wrong about the New York Cumorah.
All around the world, in every language, CES requires students to use this fantasy map that shows Cumorah is anywhere but in New York.
There are plenty more examples of question marks within the Church. As we've seen, the problem is even more extensive than BYU and CES.
The Visitors Centers teach M2C.
The Correlation Department teaches M2C.
The Church History Department teaches M2C.
The citation cartel teaches M2C.
Ultimately, of course, it doesn't matter what the employees in these Church-affiliated organizations do. We each make our own choices. No prophet has ever taught that we should follow the teachings of the intellectuals in the Church instead of the teachings of the prophets.
Elder Andersen was pretty clear on what is going on with BYU, CES, and the various Departments in the Church:
Some will try to overly dissect the prophet’s words, struggling to determine what is his prophetic voice and what is his personal opinion.
The most important thing for each of us to consider is whether we, as individuals, put exclamation points or question marks after the teachings of the prophets.
*M2C is the acronym for Mesoamerican/two-Cumorahs theory.
**The M2C citation cartel includes Book of Mormon Central, FairMormon, BMAF, the Interpreter, BYU Studies, Meridian Magazine, the Deseret News, the Neal A. Maxwell Institute, etc.